Ovarian Cyst Treatment

ovarian cyst treatment_picThe protocols for ovarian cyst treatment are dictated by circumstances. These include the age of the patient, the kind of ovarian cyst, as well as its location and size.

When ovarian cysts are detected, standard practice is to monitor the patient with ultrasound examinations over the next two menstrual periods. The vast majority of cysts prove to be functional, meaning they resolve themselves over time without treatment.

If the cyst goes away and returns, the doctor may recommend contraceptive pills…hormonal therapy to prevent the formation of future cysts.

If the cyst is still present and growing (over 2 inches) the doctor may recommend laparoscopy to remove the cyst.

Natural Ovarian Cyst Treatment

For many ovarian cysts, treatment involves letting nature take its course. This wait-and-see approach is normally recommended after the doctor determines there is no immediate health risk to the patient. Unless the pain is more than the woman can bear, it is normally better to watch and wait.

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Herbs for Ovarian Cysts

Herbal remedies are often preferred by both doctor and patient. Ovarian cysts normally occur due to hormonal imbalances and a combination of herbal therapy and a plant based diet has been known to correct hormonal imbalances. Some herbal preparations also act to cleanse the liver and provide increased vigor.

But herbal therapy is not a magic cure. It can take up to 3 months of regular use for herbal ovarian cysts treatments to be effective.

The following herbs have been known to manage and inhibit the growth of ovarian cysts.

  • Vitex (full name Vitex agnus-casta, also known as chasteberry) – restores balance and harmony of the body by regulating hormones.
    This herb has long been used to treat conditions due to hormonal imbalance, including those associated with the menopause.
  • Wild yam – also for hormonal balance
  • black cohosh – popular as a regulating agent for menstrual cycles through hormone balancing
  • Milk thistle – overall cleansing
  • Dandelion – cleans the liver
  • Bee pollen – for building up strength and resistance

Food Matters

Initial research done in Italy indicates that a diet rich in milk and meat products can lead to the development of ovarian cysts. There is growing support for an ovarian cyst treatment diet which includes primarily fruits and vegetables. A diet rich in fiber, including whole grains, and a lot of garlic is recommended for those with a predisposition to ovarian cysts. Sugar and white flour is also thought to inhibit the body’s response to healing.

Medication

In cases where polycystic ovaries are the root of the problem, treatment protocols vary. Since infertility is a common effect of polycystic ovaries, a woman trying to get pregnant will require a different treatment than a woman who is not.

For the future mother, a common ovarian cyst treatment is Clomid, a fertility drug which encourages ovulation. If conception is not a major issue, the doctor may prescribe Provera, which has a regulating effect on the hormones that control the menstrual cycle.

Surgical Options

Complex ovarian cysts may require surgical removal. These complex types include dermoid cysts, endometrial cysts and cystadenomas. The surgical ovarian cyst treatment for small cysts is often laparoscopy done through the belly button to minimize scaring.

A burst (i.e. ruptured ) ovarian cyst may also require surgery after the patient has stabilized from the rupture itself. A laparoscopic or surgical exploration may be used to either diagnose or treat the burst ovarian cyst.

If the cyst is more than 2 inches across, these other options may have to be considered:

Ovarian cystectomy – involves removal of the cyst only

Partial oophorectomy – the cyst and a part of the ovary will be removed

Salpingo-oophorectomy – excision of the cyst, ovary and fallopian tube; the need for this procedure will depend on the size, behavior and nature of the cyst. A large, twisted cyst may pose a serious threat to a patient’s well-being.

Total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy – this is the radical removal of the entire reproductive system of the patient, often required if the cyst proves to be a malignant growth.

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